Every four years since 2000, Baroque woodlands De Oude Warande in Tilburg, the Netherlands, have formed the backdrop for the international exhibition Lustwarande, in which Fundament Foundation presents a state of the art of international developments in contemporary sculpture. The third edition in 2008 attracted over 100,000 visitors.


De Oude Warande was commissioned in 1712 by the German prince Wilhelm von Hessen-Kassel (Wilhelm VIII), who was at that time lord of Tilburg and Goirle. He had De Oude Warande designed after the latest garden fashion, Baroque. ‘Warande’ stems from the French word ‘varenne’, which means hunting- or pleasure-garden. The basis of the design is a star-shaped forest, with the paths in each of the four quadrants laid out in four different geometric forms, creating a maze. Pleasure gardens of this kind were usually adorned with sculptures of mythological figures, grottos, fountains and ponds. No source has been found documenting such decoration at De Oude Warande. Soon after the landscaping of De Oude Warande,Wilhelm VIII left Tilburg to become governor of the city of Maastricht. The park changed hands several times before becoming the property of Tilburg city council in the 1950s. A gradual restoration of the wood started in the 1990s, which should be completed in around 2020.

LUSTWARANDE 2000 – 2008

Among the artists who participated in the first three editions were David Altmejd, Mirosław Bałka, Louise Bourgeois, Cai Guo Qiang, Berlinde De Bruyckere, Wim Delvoye, Do-Ho Suh, Elmgreen & Dragset, Jan Fabre, Luciano Fabro, Brian Griffiths, Jeppe Hein, Ugo Rondinone, Anish Kapoor, Lee Bul, Paul McCarthy, Jonathan Meese, Ernesto Neto, Michelangelo Pistoletto and Franz West.


In 2007 Fundament Foundation commissioned Callum Morton to design a pavilion for De Oude Warande. Grotto was realised in 2009, on the occasion of which Stardust took place, with works by Jedediah Caesar, Björn Dahlem, Dan Graham, Terence Koh, Rona Pondick and Maria Roosen among others.